How to brush your teeth without damaging your gums?

brushing teeth without damaging the gums

Due to multiple causes, gums can suffer from hypersensitivity, which makes them much more vulnerable to external factors. Whether it is due to insufficient care and cleaning, some kind of disease, or after having undergone a deep dental cleaning, it is necessary to learn how toóhow to brush the teeth without damaging the gums so that their condition improves little by little.

Sensitive gums, which are swollen or bleeding, gradually improve with the passage of time. In the meantime, it is essential to provide them with the utmost care, which should be more exhaustive in these moments of maximum vulnerability.

Do you know the brushing technique to avoid damaging sensitive gums?? We explain how to do it properly according to the recommendations of dental experts.

What is gingival sensitivity?

Gingival sensitivity is the increased sensation of discomfort and pain in the gums gums due to inflammation of the soft tissue covering the tooth. covering the tooth. It corresponds specifically to a symptom of gingivitis, a gum infection that causes irritation, redness and inflammation of the gums.

The main cause of gingivitis, and therefore of the appearance of sensitive gums, is poor oral hygiene, which favors the accumulation of tartar and the formation of dental plaque. oral hygiene, which favors the accumulation of tartar and the formation of dental plaque under the gum tissue surrounding the teeth.

The morehe longer The longer dental plaque remains on the teeth, the greater the progression of gum infection. Over time, gingivitis gingivitis progresses with inflammation and bleeding, and can lead to periodontitis, one of the main causes of gingivitis.and can lead to periodontitis, one of the main causes of gingivitis.s of tooth loss in the patient.

How to brush your teeth with sensitive gums?

People with sensitive gums are more prone to discomfort during brushing. Nevertheless, oral hygiene is of the utmost importance and should be performed as consistently as in a person with good gingival health.

By following the proper guidelines, the pain caused by gum sensitivity will be less or virtually nonexistent. It is very important to to use a specific technique and accessories so that the gums do not hurt or bleed during brushing. during brushing.

If you have sensitive gums, preferably use a soft or extra-soft gum brush or a soft or extra-soft bristled brush with a handlewith a handle that allows you to hold it firmly. Toothpaste should be fluoride toothpaste, and in some cases, specific to treat tooth sensitivity.

In addition to toothpaste and toothbrush, complete oral hygiene includes flossing, interdental brushes and mouthwash. floss, interdental brushes and mouthwash.. The latter may contain chlorhexidine for the treatment of gingivitis, as recommended by your dentist or hygienist.

Brushing techniques for sensitive gums

There is a false belief among patients that the more pressure the toothbrush exerts on the teeth and gums during oral cleaning, the better the result. A overly aggressive brushing has the opposite has the opposite effect to the desired one: it can cause damage, bleeding and recession of the gums, as well as progressive wear of the tooth enamel.

Although there are different brushing techniques with which dentists instruct their patients to learn how to properly care for their oral hygiene, there is one in particular that is indicated for sensitive gums.

Throughthe Bass technique, you can learn how to brush your teeth withouthow to brush your teeth without damaging the gums when there is some sensitivity.

Bass Technique for patients with gingivitis or periodontitis

The Bass technique is a specific toothbrushing technique that focuses on the removal of plaque. focuses on the removal of dental plaque from the gingival dental plaque from the gingival sulcus. It is precisely in this space between the gum and the tooth where the plaque that causes gingivitis accumulates.

Performing gentle sweeping movements horizontally along the gum line, it is possible to remove food debris and prevent the formation of dental biofilm in the gingival is possible to remove food debris and prevent the formation of dental biofilm in the gingival sulcus, improving the state of health of sensitive gums.

How to brush your teeth without damaging your gums step by step

Next, let's see how to perform the Bass technique for brushing teeth with sensitive gums while avoiding irritation and bleeding:

  • Start by applying a small amount of toothpaste to the toothbrush.
  • Place the toothbrush horizontally on the gum line, just where it meets the tooth, forming a 45 degree angle.just where it meets the tooth, forming a 45-degree angle.
  • Perform horizontal vibrating movements over the gingival sulcus, just above the junction between gum and tooth, covering one, two or three teeth depending on the size of your brush head, to reach the bottom of the groove.
  • After a few seconds of vibrating movement, make a vertical vertical dragging movement moving the brush gently from the gingiva towards the edge of the tooth.
  • Cover the entire surface of the outer surface of the teeth, both upper and lower dental arches. Once you have finished, repeat the operation on the inner side, placing the brush at a 45-degree angle.
  • Take the time to do a thorough cleaning and soft, dedicate 3 to 5 minutes to cover the entire surface of the teeth.. Do not forget to brush also the chewing surface of the molars and tongue.
  • If you notice discomfort or slight bleeding during brushing, the pressure exerted is greater than recommended. Correct the technique by making smoother movements and without pressing the brush on the teeth and gums.
  • Complete oral hygiene with dental floss or interproximal use of dental floss or interproximal brushes, as well as an alcohol-free well as an alcohol-free mouthwash.

Remember that tooth brushing should be done at least 3 times a day, always after every meal.

It is very important that when performing this brushing technique, do not apply strong pressure with the toothbrush. Avoid irritation and bleeding of the gums, as well as abrasion of the dental learning how to brush your teeth.óhow to brush your teeth without damaging the gums with the Bass technique. If you notice that the bleeding persists, go to your dental hygienist, who will be your ally in improving your brushing technique.


Discover our Gum Care Guide

Through this guide on gum care you will find all the information you need to keep your mouth and gums healthy. We analyse the main diseases that affect the gums, how to prevent and treat them. Discover the best treatments to combat gingivitis and periodontitis, and what care is needed for each type of gum.

Read more