Did you know that the colour of your gums is a very important health indicator? The health of the whole body is closely related to the state of the mouth. Any change in the texture, composition or colour of the gums could mean that something is not going as it should.
Healthy gums are light pink in colour, and appear turgid and without any bleeding. Whitish or dark colourations, or even bleeding, or the presence of or the presence of purplish gums are a symptom of disease or infection.
When should you see a dentist for a significant change in your gums? Find out what your gums are saying about your mouth and your health with these simple tips.
What do healthy gums look like?
The gums are the soft mucous tissue that covers the root of the teeth inside the oral cavity. Its main function is to fix the teeth, protecting them from multiple external factors.
Healthy gums look firm and bright pink in colour.. The colouring can vary according to the natural skin tone of each person. While they are light pink in very fair-skinned people, they are slightly darker with a slight coral tone in dark-skinned people.
Although they form part of the soft tissue of the mucosa of the mouth, the gums must remain firm, covering the entire root of the teeth. If they are in an optimal state of health, there will be no discomfort or bleeding of any kind.
Relationship between gum colour and health
A change in gum discolouration can be a warning sign of oral disease such as periodontitis. warning sign of oral disease such as periodontitis. Infection of the gums and the tissues that support the teeth requires urgent treatment to control it and prevent more serious symptoms.
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However, certain gum colours are related to other general health problems in the body. From autoimmune diseases that affect both the gums and other tissues, to cancerous lesions that spread or originate from different organs.
Learning to differentiate between abnormal gum discolouration and its possible causes is very useful in order to be able to act in time and make an early diagnosis.
Let's look at the different types of gum discolouration and what to do in each of these cases:
Red gums usually look swollen and are very sensitive. It is common for them to bleed when brushing, flossing or using interdental brushes.
This is an unmistakable unmistakable symptom of periodontal diseasecaused by the activity of the bacteria that make up the oral biofilm. The infection is initially called gingivitis, but if it is not treated in time, it could develop into periodontitis, when it progresses to the bone and ligaments that support the root of the teeth.
Gingivitis, as well as occurring as a consequence of poor oral hygiene, is common in pregnancy, in patients suffering from hormonal changes, and also in diseases such as diabetes.
When the gums have a dull dark, brownish colour, there are two possible reasons. The first is due to too much sun exposure, which colours the gums just like the rest of the skin. as well as the rest of the skin.
The second reason may be discolouration due to nicotine in tobacco, known as 'smoker's melanosis'. This is because nicotine increases the secretion of melanin in the tissue, in addition to the accumulation of other toxic substances.
Gingival melanosis, or darkened gums, occurs with the use of certain medications. consumption of certain medicationssuch as oral contraceptives or tricyclic antidepressants.
White or pale gums
If, on the other hand, the gums have visibly paled, the reasons for this are quite different. A white white gums are the beginning of gingivitis, when plaque starts to build up.when dental plaque begins to accumulate. However, it is common when a person suffers from iron deficiency anaemia, due to a lack of iron.
The white patchy spots on the gum may be caused by mouth sores or canker sores. may be caused by mouth sores or canker sores. Other reasons are oral candidiasis, or infection by the fungus Candida albicans.
Sores can appear as a result of stress, hormonal changes, low defences, vitamin deficiency, the rubbing of a prosthesis, or as a result of a pre-cancerous lesion. The latter is a sore that persists and does not heal no matter how much time passes.
Another way gingivitis manifests itself is through yellowing of the gums. Like red gumsgums, there is inflammation and painwhich causes great discomfort to the patient.
The yellow gums gradually become redder, with constant bleeding and high sensitivity. constant bleeding and high sensitivity. It is not advisable to let too much time pass before going to the dentist if these first symptoms appear.
If the gingivitis becomes severe, the gums may turn completely purple, or there may be bruising in some parts of the gums. bruises on some parts of the gums.. The first purple spots appear in the areas where the infection begins to affect the internal tissues.
By the time gingivitis the gingivitis develops into periodontitisor inflammation of the periodontal tissue, the red gums turn completely purple, with severe swelling and constant bleeding.
Grey gums are a clear sign that the immune system is weakened. the immune system is weakened. Whether due to stress, hormonal changes or excessive smoking, the gums become grey and dull.
Certain bacterial and fungal infections are also associated with grey gums. In an advanced stage of the infection, it is of the utmost urgency to see a professional to treat the problem as soon as possible.
When to go to the dentist?
In the event of any change in the colour of the gums, it is advisable to visit the dentist to see a dentist in order to detect a health problem in time.. In most cases, regular visits to the dentist every year are the best way to check the condition of your gums on an ongoing basis.
If you also notice bleeding during brushing, discomfort, inflammation, pain or receding gums, don't hesitate and act as soon as possible. See your dentist for an immediate solution.
How to have healthy gums
The KIN Gingival Complex product line is specifically formulated for intensive gum care. With the aim of maintaining healthy gums, preventing the formation of dental biofilm and toning gingival tissue.
Both the KIN Gingival Complex Toothpastewith chlorhexidine digluconate, Alpantha, and cetylpyridinium chloride, as well as the Mouthwash KIN Gingival Complexwith the same formulation, improves the condition of the gums by reinforcing their natural protection.
Ask your dentist about the possibility of following a specific treatment for the care of your gums, preventing all types of periodontal diseases and infections.