Why do teeth age?

ageing of the teeth

The teeth are just another organ of our body and, as such, they follow a process of wear and tear as the years go by. There are many factors that can accelerate or slow down this process. However, there is nothing that can stop this process, because teeth age and undergo different changes throughout our lives..

Do you know why teeth age more quickly in some cases, and is there anything we can do to slow down the signs of ageing in them? What are the most common problems that occur in older people?

We analyse all the details to ensure that the passage of time does not take its toll does not take its toll on the aesthetics and function of the teeth and gums..

What is dental ageing?

Dental ageing is known as the process of process of maturation and changes in the teeth and other organs of the mouth as a person gets older. and other organs of the mouth as a person gets older.

Like the rest of the body's organs, the mouth undergoes certain changes related to the passage of time. These may be more or less pronounced depending on the care it receives throughout life.

Why do teeth age?

The degenerative process of teeth is natural for everyone. Some of the body's tissues are constantly being renewed. But over time, the process slows down, and organs lose function as adulthood approaches. as adulthood approaches.

This is also the case with teeth, as constant use leads to wear and tear of the enamel, which cannot be repaired. wear and tear of the enamel, which cannot be repaired. Little by little, different changes occur, which may vary from person to person due to genetic or environmental factors.

Signs of ageing teeth

There are many signs of ageing teeth. These are common in older people as they reach old age, although they can also occur in some youngsters when proper care of the teeth and gums has not been followed..

The effects of ageing on teeth include the following:

  • Shorter teeth.
  • Edges visibly worn.
  • Changes in the colour of teeth.
  • Crowding of the teeth.
  • Recession of the gums revealing part of the root of the teeth.
  • Dental mobility.

What dental problems are associated with ageing?

Some of these changes are absolutely normal as teeth age.

However, when they occur at an accelerated rate, at an early age or if the symptoms are very marked, certain problems associated with dental disease may appear regardless of the age at which they appear.

Caries development

Due to enamel wear, the risk of tooth decay increases as teeth age. In older adults, tooth decay is formation of dental caries is more frequent in older adultsThey are more prone to suffer the negative effects it has on their teeth.

Increased tooth sensitivity

As a consequence of increased exposure of dentin enamel wear and gum recession, another effect of ageing is a more pronounced tooth sensitivity. increased tooth sensitivity. The sensation of cold, heat and other stimuli becomes more pronounced as the years go by in older people.

Increase in periodontal diseases

From the age of 40 onwards, there is an increased risk of periodontal disease. The gums are more vulnerableThis manifests itself in the form of bleeding, inflammation, halitosis and other symptoms common in the mature stage.


One oral symptom that many older adults often notice is reduced saliva production. This may be accompanied by a change in the composition of the microbiota in the mouth, promoting thepromoting the proliferation of caries-causing bacteria.


Along with the above changes that occur as teeth age, with age the risk of partial or total tooth loss increases. partial or total loss of teeth. Known by the dental term edentulism, this disorder can have consequences on the patient's health, beyond the aesthetic problem it entails.

How to protect teeth from ageing?

The ageing of teeth is a process that cannot be stopped, however, proper oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist from an early age will help to reduce the negative effects of oral ageing.

The teeth and gums go through different stages associated with the maturation of each person, although there are always factors that can favour alterations in the there are always factors that can favour the alteration of these.

Inadequate oral hygiene, poor diet, unhealthy lifestyle habits, certain diseases and medical treatments with side effects on oral health are some of the risk factors for oral damage.

How is it possible to keep your teeth healthy and young despite your age? It is as simple as following a complete daily oral hygiene routine, going to the dentist for annual check-ups from an early ageand going for annual check-ups with the dentist from an early age, as well as drinking plenty of water and taking care of your stress and diet.

When the factors that age teeth prematurely are known, it is possible to fight against them, ensuring better oral health at all stages of life.


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