What is an implant and how is it placed?

What is an implant?

Dental implants currently make it possible to aesthetically and functionally replace any lost tooth. There are an infinite number of possibilities when it comes to placing an implant, adapting to the needs of each patient.and can be adapted to the needs of each patient.

In recent years, implant placement technology has advanced by leaps and bounds. As a result, some knowledge has become obsolete and new questions have arisen about this type of intervention in the dental practice.

Do you want to know what an implant is and how to place it correctly? With this guide we take a closer look at the process to find out what care the mouth needs for a complete and rapid recovery.

What is a dental implant?

A dental implant is a screw made of titanium or other materials that is inserted into the jawbone in order to place a prosthesis or crown, which is then which is firmly fixed in place. Through this process it is possible to replace a lost tooth, recovering the previous functionality and appearance.

With implant surgery, it is nowadays possible to efficiently replace the efficiently replace the root of the tooth with an artificial crownThe artificial crown is placed on the tooth, which fulfils the same function as the natural tooth.

This is an excellent alternative to removable dentures or bridgework, much stronger, more durable and comfortable.

Parts of the dental implant

Like natural teeth, implants are made up of different parts. In this case, as it is an artificial part, each of these parts can be separated to facilitate their placement.

These are the elements that make up dental implants:

  1. Body. It consists of a screw that is inserted into the maxillary bone as an anchor. It has the same function as the root of the tooth, holding the piece tightly so that it does not move or become detached.
  2. Pilar. This is a small piece that acts as a junction between the implant and the crown.
  3. Crown. This is the outer part that is visible outside the bone and gum. It has the shape of the natural tooth, imitating its appearance and function.

During the placement of the implants, each of these parts is attached step by step, in this order, until a good adaptation to the gum tissues is achieved.in this order until the gum tissue is well adapted.

What material are dental implants made of?

For the placement of a dental implant, it is necessary to use a material that is material that is capable of integrating with the maxillary bone, reducing the risk of rejection by the organism.reducing the risk of rejection by the organism. Among the different existing options, two materials are most frequently used due to their high biocompatibility:

Titanium implants

Titanium is the most commonly used material for dental implants. It is a very light and hard metal, widely used in osseointegrationIt is widely used in osseointegration due to its biocompatibility rate with bone tissue in most patients.

Zirconium implants

Zirconium is an excellent alternative for this type of treatment due to its high durability. Although somewhat more expensive, the biointegration of zirconium is very good in the maxillary bone, healing quickly.healing quickly.

How is a dental implant placed?

The placement of a dental implant is a process lasting between 3 and 6 months.. During this time, the implant is secured to the jaw bone.

The steps are as follows:

Patient preparation

The first step is to make an analysis of the patient's needs and a previous preparation before the treatment. If necessary, the damaged tooth is extracted before the implant is placed.

Implant placement

At the next session, the implant can be inserted. After cleaning and disinfecting the area and applying a local anaesthetic, the dentist begins the procedure.

In certain patients, a bone graft must be made, which will be worked on later. After opening the gum and exposing the bone, drilling and implant placement is performed..

In most cases, it is necessary to close and allow the gum to heal, facilitating osseointegration of the implant. This process can take between 1 week and 3 months depending on the patient's level of healing.

Following the recommendations of the dentist, it is very important for the patient to the patient takes care of the periodontal tissues for a better recovery. PerioKIN Hyaluronic 1% is a mouth gel that strengthens and tones delicate gums after surgery, while reducing the formation of dental biofilm.

Wreath making

After a study of the patient's mouth, the next step in the consultation is the preparation of the making of the customised crown in terms of size, shape and colour.

Implant abutment placement

The last step consists of minor surgery under local anaesthesia, in which the previously placed implant is exposed. the previously placed implant is exposed and the abutment is positioned.

Right above the abutment, the dental crown will be attached. which is the last piece and the one that will be visible on the denture.

How long does a dental implant last?

Dental implants are intended as a strong and long-lasting solution to replace a missing tooth. However, the durability of each tooth will depend on several factors, the durability of each individual tooth will depend on several factors on the individual patient.

The choice of implant material, as well as the experience of the professional who will place the implant, directly influences the effectiveness of the treatment. The best materials and the correct procedure ensure that the implant lasts longer.

In addition, the patient's lifestyle also determines the durability of the implant, the patient's lifestyle also determines the durability of the implant.. Proper oral hygiene, taking care of the health of the gums and the internal tissues that support the implant, as well as protecting the pieces to avoid fractures, are determining factors in increasing its durability.

Typically, 90% of implants last 10 years or more before they need to be replaced. The lifespan of implants can be up to 20 years or more with proper with proper care.

How to avoid problems with dental implants

Dental implants are the best long-term solution for replacing missing teeth. The procedure of placing a definitive prosthesis is complex because once the implant has been placed, it is necessary to wait a few months for the tissues to heal and for the implant to become well fixed.

During the months of waiting, the patient should follow the dentist's recommendations of the dentist care recommendations. The most important points to avoid complications and to extend the duration of the dental implant are daily dental hygiene, following a healthy lifestyle and attending dental check-ups. daily dental hygiene, a healthy lifestyle and dental check-ups..

Find more information in this complete guide to avoid problems with implants on the KIN blog.

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