From Laboratorios KIN we want to encourage children’s dental hygiene and preventing tooth decay in children. For this reason, we propose answers to key questions about it.
Tooth decay (also known as “cavities” or “caries”) is the most common chronic childhood disease and can develop from the appearance of the milk teeth.
On the other hand, it is shown that its appearance is related to the level of dental hygiene.
What is tooth decay and what causes it?
Tooth decay is a multifactorial disease characterized by destruction of the tissues of the tooth due to the demineralization caused by acids generated by plaque.
According to a Spanish Survey on Oral Health in children, the prevalence of tooth decay in children in their “milk teeth” is 36%.
Why tooth decay occurs in children?
As discussed above, the tooth decay occurs by the confluence of several factors:
- The presence of acid producing bacteria in the mouth
- Personal trend
- Consuming foods rich in carbohydrates such as sweets, sugary drinks …
- The quality of oral hygiene.
This causes an ideal state for the rapid spread of the bacteria that produce acids that dissolve tooth enamel.
How to diagnose it?
Normally it is the dentist who diagnoses tooth decay through periodic reviews.
If it is the parents who discover it, most likely it is too late, because this means that the tooth decay is in an advanced stage.
The first signal is the appearance of a color change in the tooth that turns whitish and dull. In a later stage, a yellow, brown or black border is observed around the affected area and in a more visible phase, the loss of substance and breakage of the tooth enamel appears.
How is tooth decay in children treated?
Depending on whether it affects the definitive or temporary dentition, childhood caries will be treated differently.
Based on the type of treatment, we can find the following situations:
- If the injury reaches the nerve and is affecting milk teeth, a pulpotomy is performed.
- If the tooth decay does not affect the nerve tissue of the tooth, the hole is sealed with filling.
- If decay causes a large hole, metallic crowns are applied to keep the space while facilitating proper chewing.
- In more advanced cases where the infection has caused the destruction of the root, a tooth extraction may be required.
On the other hand, a space maintainer must be installed to allow sufficient space for the future eruption of the permanent tooth.
What preventive measures are advisable?
The most important preventive measure is the daily hygiene already from the appearance of the first teeth.
According to the WHO, a good dental hygiene, reduces the incidence of caries by up to 50%.
For this reason, Laboratorios KIN recommends the use of brushes and toothpaste children tailored to every age, regular visit to the dentist, as well as good eating habits as key to prevent tooth decay in children.
Do you have more questions about tooth decay in children? From Laboratorios KIN we encourage you to present your case or send us any questions through the comments.